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By : kooveli madom on 22 August 2015 E-mail Comments     Print Print  Report Abuse


  • The assessment by a potential employer of a potential candidate of his/her suitability for purpose with respect to employment for a specific position in the organization
  • Refers to first time employment of a fresher, a new recruit for a lateral entry or role change / elevation of an existing employee in the same organization
  • Measured on multiple dimensions: technical competency and personal traits of the candidate
  • Can be enhanced using a multi dimensional employability tool kit

Employability Toolkit

  • Helps enhance employability
  • To be used when making career plans or looking for a new job.

Key employability concepts

Job Market

  • Dynamic and reacts fast to national and global changes.
  • Critical to be able to make the most of the opportunities at different times.
  • Need to know your competence; whether you have a job or are looking for a job.


  • During recession to find the scarce opportunities that may even be latent
  • During good times, make the right choice among available options
  • At all times, not want to lose the job you already have.


Knowing each other

Your potential employer need to know you as much as you need to know your prospective employer. In simple terms answers to following pointers

-          Who are you?
-          What have you achieved?
-          What are you able to do?
-          Why are you the one who should be chosen?
-          Why would you like to work for them?

Objective is to get the potential employer interested in knowing more about you

Finding your Competence

Know what you are good at,  be able to communicate it effectively verbally and in writing.

Your Competence

  • Impress interviewers in a competitive scenario
  • Be prepared to discuss in detail the information in your CV / application.
  • Clarity, logical and conciseness key, no time to waste

You may need to answer some of the following questions

·        The best and worst moments of your career.

·        Things meaningful in your life/professional life.

·        Your long-term career goals.

·        Do you have experience in management or leadership?

·        Do you have experience in sales and marketing?

·        Your favorite ways of working.

·        The best kind of boss you could have.

·        Type of colleagues you work best with.

·        Type of organization best for you e.g. large enterprise, SME, educational institution, research organization, government, association

·        Do you want to work with people or with things/ideas?

·        Your experience with e.g. clients, products, services?

·        Your experience working in teams or networks or virtually?

·        Would you be ready to work in another country?

·        Do you want to travel for work?

·        Important things that you have learned during your career.

·        What do you want to learn? (Future perspective is interesting for the recruiter).

·        How you would describe your personality? How would your colleagues or boss describe it?

·        What characteristics do you like and do not like about your present job?

·        What kind of strengths and weaknesses do you have?

Advisable to think deeper and write, not to try to be right on everything. There is no right or wrong here. Key is consistency, conviction and honesty, which a seasoned interviewer can extricate in a few minutes

What might appear easy may not be so in reality, in a real interview situation which could blur your thinking. You can even use a friend, spouse or a colleague to help you to get prepared. If they do not understand what you are explaining or convinced – do not expect that the recruiter will!

Use verbs when you describe your professional competence and what you have actually done at work and what you have accomplished. Verbs are active words and let the recruiter know what the actions have been. Here are some useful examples:

Add, Administrate, Analyse, Assign, Assist, Budget, Build, Buy, Communicate, Construct, Consult, Coordinate, Counsel, Cut, Decide, Define, Deliver, Design, Develop, Direct, Discover, Distribute, Draft, Edit, Educate, Eliminate, Establish, Estimate, Facilitate, Finance, Form, Found, Govern, Handle, Hire, Identify, Increase, Implement, Incorporate, Improve, Initiate, Interview, Introduce, Invent, Invest, Keep, Launch, Lead, Lift, Locate, Maintain, Manage, Market, Negotiate, Operate, Organise, Oversee, Participate, Patent, Pioneer, Plan, Process, Prepare, Produce, Program, Provide, Purchase, Raise, Receive, Recruit, Redirect, Re-engineer, Reduce, Refine, Renovate, Report, Research, Respond, Review, Schedule, Sell, Set, Solve, Start, Supervise, Systemise, Teach, Train, Transport, Work, Write.

I Am Staying With My Current Employer – Why Should I Bother?

  • You still need to know your competences and where you stand.
  • May have to formally apply even for a new position with your current employer.
  • In large global companies, active job hunting and job changing going on.
  • Competition to get the best jobs, today, competition can be global!

Organizations use HR competence databases.

  • Staff expected to update their personal competences in the database
  • Database used to find qualified persons for new projects from within, outside or open to both.
  • You still have to compete even if you are employed.
  • Some organizations expect you to be active, responsible for your next tasks
  • CVs used to convince clients
  • CV's  are marketing tools.

Understand your competence

  • Your strengths and weaknesses, what is important to you
  • What you want to accomplish professionally
  • Your ambitions / accomplishments
  • Success, failure records, analysis
  • Motivating factors to give your best at work?
  • What kind of people and organisations enable you give your best at work?
  • Update your CV: competence, responsibilities and accomplishments explained clearly.
  • Analyse professional history: good and bad
  • Consult friends, family and colleagues to know yourself  better.
  • Professional consultation to understand possibilities and capabilities (professional, social)
  • Attend lectures on career matters to broaden your views.
  • Attend lectures on your field of technology.

Finding Out Your Future Career, Make Career Plans A, B And C

Be proactive. Don’t wait for your dream job to find you.

  • Explore what is ideal career for you, do reality check considering strengths and weaknesses, values.
  • Be open for optional career paths. Changes in working life can cause fundamental changes in your professional life. Be prepared.
  • Dare to be innovative and dream big.
  • Some dreams are just dreams, you may not realize all of them.

Ways To Help You Build Your Future Career

  • Set a broad career goal, flexible to change according to unfolding events
  • Build personal information on interesting companies and organizations, keep in touch with people who can help you in this.
  • Find out typical and atypical career paths in your own field.
  • Alternative job profiles can offer the right career for you.
  • Learn over time, career evolves around broad theme, you don’t grow doing same thing for decades
  • Learn from individuals who have built their career and transformed effectively over time, in ones’ own broad discipline. Introspect their key success factors? learn from them
  • Be aware of career crossroad situations (e.g. new graduate, unemployment, returning back to work after maternity leave or your field of technology has become obsolete).
  • Consult friends, family and colleagues on new opportunities, enlarge your field of activity.
  • Seek professional career consultation to get deeper.
  • Attend lectures on career matters to get new tools for your thinking process.
  • Use web tools for career counseling and information.
  • Keep open / broad view on possibilities based on competences in demand in job market.

Look Back Before You Make Plans About Future

When u plan to shift jobs, analyze your past jobs/tasks on

  1. Tasks
    - Positive things …
    - Negative things …
  2. Possibilities for professional development
    - Positive things …
    - Negative things …
  3. Possibilities for career development
    - Positive things …
    - Negative things …
  4. Salary and benefits
    - Positive things …
    - Negative things …
  5. Organisation
    - Positive things …
    - Negative things …
  6. Supervisor
    - Positive things …
    - Negative things …
  7. Colleagues
    - Positive things …
    - Negative things …
  8. Customers
    - Positive things …
    - Negative things …
  9. Products and services
    - Positive things …
    - Negative things …
  10. Networks
    - Positive things …
    - Negative things …
  11. Other
    - Positive things …
    - Negative things …

Setting A Career Goal For Yourself

  • Have a direction, focus and also be flexible.  
  • The world is not perfect; be ready to compromise and swap.

Developing your competence

  • Learning never stops
  • Build competence through continuous learning.
  • Learning not from formal paid courses, certifications alone, but also from own experiences.
  • Introspect after each episode whether pleasant or not so pleasant and why
  • Learn to live with uncertainty, life and opportunities evolve, need keep eyes, ears and mind open, cant predict future with certainty.
  • Competence not just technical knowledge, but holistic ability to make things happen, needs technical knowledge, attitude, enthusiasm, risk taking, people skills, maturity, passion, aggression, contextual sensitivity

Examples of useful skills:

  • business
  • financing
  • management
  • leadership
  • sales & marketing
  • communication skills
  • interpersonal skills
  • negotiation
  • organising
  • foreign languages
  • teaching / training / coaching
  • project management
  • customer relationship management
  • writing (project /research reports, articles)
  • legislation
  • foreign cultures
  • patents
  • quality

Learning by introspection

  • Age is no obstacle.
  • Never too old / late to start to learn.
  • Learning not just doing, listening or reading, but also thinking and processing what you have done or read and from patterns from that.
  • Best teacher is ones’ own experiences.
  • No one right way, but many

Some Ways To Develop Your Competence

  • On the job learning and training . 
  • Participation in new projects / working groups in your workplace.
  • Attend training courses / seminars / conferences in and outside your company.
  • Pursue higher / doctoral studies.
  • Earn complementary degrees and synergise, find your nunique space
  • Self study, e-learning possibilities.
  • Web research in specific areas of interest / relevance
  • Write articles in magazines, scientific periodicals or on the web create visibility, develop confidence, professional networks
  • Networking and discussion groups inside and outside your organisation.
  • Join expert groups of technical organizations / specific topics.
  • Reflect on what you have done and learned, develop new unique perspectives, also develop a parallel profession such a teaching, training, consulting, guide.

Clarity, specificity, focus, commitment, perseverance helps

  • Write down your plans and commit to them
  • Move forward even by taking small steps
  • Concrete plans give direction, measurability of progress and confidence
  • Utilize possibilities for on-the-job-learning from your employer
  • Opportunities are plenty, be able to see them



Top ten skills that employers want




Able to express your ideas clearly and confidently in speech



Work confidently within a group



Understand the commercial realities affecting the organisation.



Gather information systematically to establish facts & principles. Problem solving.



Able to act on initiative, identify opportunities & proactive in putting forward ideas & solutions



Determination to get things done. Make things happen & constantly looking for better ways of doing things.



Able to express yourself clearly in writing



Able to plan activities & carry them through effectively



Adapt successfully to changing situations & environments



Manage time effectively, prioritizing tasks and able to work to deadlines.

Other skills that are important



Able to speak and understand other languages. Appreciation of other cultures.



Able to influence and convince others, to discuss and reach agreement.



Able to motivate and direct others, take decisions, be able to take risks and criticisms



Multiply & divide accurately, calculate percentages, use statistics & a calculator, interpret graphs & tables.



Word-processing, using databases, spreadsheets, the Internet & email, designing web pages etc.



Awareness of achievements, abilities, values & weaknesses & what you want out of life.



Presents a strong, professional, positive image to others which inspires confidence & commands respect.



Continues to learn throughout life. Develops the competencies needed for current & future roles



Maintains effective performance under pressure



Adheres to standards & procedures, maintains confidentiality and questions inappropriate behaviour.



Accepts responsibility for views & actions and able to work under their own direction & initiative.



Pays care & attention to quality in all their work. Supports & empowers others.



Able to decide what steps are needed to achieve particular goals and then implement these.



Determines the best course of action. Evaluates options based on logic & fact & presents solutions



Recognizes & respects different perspectives. Open to the ideas & views of others



Generates & applying new ideas & solutions

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